Ovarian cancer is a growth that forms in an ovary. It results in abnormal cells that have the ability to invade or spread to other parts of the body.
Ladies, IMPORTANT Things You MUST Know About Ovarian Cancer
Most of the risk factors for ovarian cancer is related to the amount of time spent in ovulation. Thus, not having children is a risk factor for ovarian, likely because ovulation is not suppressed via pregnancy
Risk factors include hormone therapy after menopause, fertility medication, and obesity.
It increases more in women who begin ovulation at a younger age; women who reach menopause at an older age; women who have ovulated more over their lifetime.
Factors That Reduce The Risk Of Ovarian Cancer
Things that halt ovulation is breast feeding, oral contraceptive use with estrogen/progesterone, multiple pregnancies, and pregnancy at an early age, all decrease the risk of ovarian cancer. These conditions decrease the overall time during one’s lifetime spent ovulating.
Signs and Symptoms
Signs and symptoms of ovarian are frequently absent in early stages; even when they do exist, they may be subtle. In most cases, symptoms exist for several months before being recognized and diagnosed, or they may initially be misdiagnosed as a condition such as irritable bowel syndrome. The early stages of ovarian tend to be painless unless the growing mass causes ovarian torsion. Early symptoms are:
- abdominal or pelvic pain
- back pain
- irregular menstruation
- post-menopausal vaginal bleeding
- pain or bleeding after or during sexual intercourse
- difficulty eating
- loss of appetite
- urinary symptoms-frequent urination or urgent urination
Symptoms become more noticeable as cancer progresses. If these symptoms start to occur more often or more severely than usual, especially after no significant history of such symptoms, ovarian cancer test should be considered.